Bulldogs are recognized as excellent family pets because of their tendency to form strong bonds with children. They tend to be gentle and protective. The breed requires minimal grooming and exercise. Their short nose makes them prone to overheating in warm weather, so make sure to provide a shady place to rest.
History: Said to have originated in the British Isles, the name "bull" was applied because of the dog's connection with bull baiting. The original bulldog had to be ferocious and courageous, and almost insensitive to pain. When dog fighting became illegal in England, fanciers set to the task of preserving the breed by eliminating the fierce characteristics. Within a few generations, the Bulldog became one of the finest physical specimens with an agreeable temperament.
Today: Bulldogs are used as one of the most popular mascots for schools and business. From the famous Georgia Bulldogs mascot UGA, Yale’s mascot Handsome Dan the Bulldog, the US Marines Bulldog mascot Chesty and Georgetown University mascot Jack the Bulldog just to name a few famous Bulldog mascots. Mack Trucks Bulldog mascot can be seen on trucks all over the world.
The Bulldog Standard:
The perfect Bulldog must be of medium size and smooth coat; with heavy, thickset, low-swung body, massive short-faced head, wide shoulders and sturdy limbs. The general appearance and attitude should suggest great stability, vigor and strength.
Sound sturdy limbs and the suggestion of great stability, vigor and strength are as important to the present day's Bulldog as they were to its ancestors.
The disposition should be equitable and kind, resolute and courageous (not vicious or aggressive), and demeanor should be pacific and dignified. These attributes should be countenanced by the expression and behavoir.
Shoulders -- Should be muscular, very heavy, widespread and slanting outward, giving stability and great power.
Forelegs -- The forelegs should be short, very stout, straight and muscular, set wide apart, with well-developed calves, presenting a bowed outline, but the bones of the legs should not be curved or bandy, nor the feet brought too close together.
Correct turn of shoulder with proper front legs showing straight
perpendicular inner forelegs will form a near square from the top of
the legs and across.
Narrow-fronted showing a vertical rectangle between the front legs.
An obvious rectangle between the front legs, indicating legs that
are too short, of shoulders that are too wide or both.
Elbows -- The elbows should be low and stand well out and loose from the body.
Well constructed Bulldogs from ground to elbow should be about 50%
of the distance from ground to height at the withers.
FAULTY ELBOWS -- "Loose from the body" does NOT mean overly loose elbows. It means that they should not be directed towards the ribs (tight elbows). Neither should they be directed outward away from the ribs (overly loose elbows). Overly loose elbows is a VERY serious structural fault.
Feet -- The feet should be moderate in size, compact and firmly set. Toes compact, well-split-up, with high knuckles and very short stubby nails. The front feet may be straight or slightly out-turned.
Legs --Hind legs should be strong and muscular and longer than forelegs, so as to elevate loins above shoulders. Hocks should be slightly bent and well-let-down, so as to give length and strength from loins to hock. Lower leg should be short, straight and strong, with stifles turned slightly outward and away from the body. Hocks are thereby made to approach each other, and the hind feet to turn outward.
Feet -- Should be moderate in size, compact and firmly set. Toes compact, well-split-up, with high nuckles and short stubby nails. Hind feet should be pointed well-outward.
Coat -- Should be straight, short, flat, close, of fine texture, smooth and glossy. (No fringe, feather or curl).
Skin -- The skin should be soft and loose, especially at the head, neck and shoulders.
Forehead wrinkle should not obscure furrow in skull.
Wrinkle(s) over the nose to be of moderate size, neither extending
beyond the tip of the nose, obscuring vision in any way nor being too
large and out of proportion.
The color of coat should be uniform, pure of its kind and brilliant. The various colors found in the breed are to be preferred in the following order: 1. red brindle; 2. all other brindles; 3. solid white; 4. solid red, fawn or fallow; 5. piebald; 6. inferior qualities of all the foregoing. Note: A perfect piebald is preferable to a muddy brindle or defective solid color. Solid black is very undesirable, but not so objectionable if occuring to a moderate degree in piebald patches. The brindles to be perfect should have a fine, even and equal distribution of the composite colors. In brindles and solid colors a small white patch on the chest is not considered detrimental. In piebalds the color patches should be well-defined, of pure color and symmetrically distributed.
The style and carriage are peculiar, his gait being a loose-jointed, shuffling, sidewise motion, giving the characteristic "roll". The action must be, however, be unrestrained, free and vigorous.
The proper Bulldog, with short wide set front legs and longer narrow set rear legs has a peculiar gait that results in a side to side motion or "roll". The roll can be observed by following the "sidewise" motion of the skin over the loin and the "sidewise" motion at the base of the tail. A Bulldog gait video, showing the peculiarities of gait, is available from the BCA Education Committee.
The disposition should be equable and kind, resolute and courageous (not vicious or aggressive), and demeanor should be pacific and dignified. These attributes should be countenanced by the expression and behavior.
A friendly outgoing companionable breed which is readily observed
in its expression and demeanor.
courtesy of BCA